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A survey of Shenzhen

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Shenzhen is an important international gateway for China's foreign exchanges, and it is a wonderful microcosm of China's reform and opening up and modernization drive.
Geographical position
Shenzhen is a coastal city in the south of China, adjacent to Hongkong. Located in the south of the Tropic of cancer, longitude 113 degrees 46 minutes to 114 degrees 37 ', 27' to 22 degrees north latitude 22 degrees 52'. Guangdong Province is located in the south, east coast of the Pearl River Estuary, Daya Bay and Dapeng Bay in the East; west coast the Pearl River Estuary and Lingdingyang; and Hong Kong adjacent to the Shenzhen River in the South; North and Dongguan, Huizhou City border. South China Sea and the Pacific ocean.
Natural resources
Shenzhen city land area of 1991.64 square kilometers. Within the drainage area of the city of more than 1 square kilometers, a total of 310 rivers, the Pearl River, East River, belonging to the eastern coastal water system. The city's total water storage project 171, a total capacity of 610000000 cubic meters. The Shenzhen reservoir with a total capacity of 44960000 cubic meters, is an important water source in Hongkong and Shenzhen residents living water. Shenzhen a total length of 230 km coastline, abundant marine resources, excellent Gulf ports, sea conditions. The territory of mountains stretching, beautiful scenery, the highest peak of 943.7 meters. Natural tourism resources are abundant, the eastern part of a size Meisha, Dapeng Peninsula country forest gold coastline scenery, with mangroves in the west, the Lingding Island natural protection area and sea pastoral scenery etc. scenic spot.
A brief history of the city
"Shenzhen" was in 1410 (see historical names of Ming Yongle eight years), in the early years of the Qing Dynasty Jian hui. The local dialect known as the field ditch "Shenzhen" or "yong". Shenzhen because of its water clouds, there is a deep ditch village named edge. Shenzhen is also called pengcheng. 1979 central and Guangdong province decided to set up Shenzhen city. August 1980, the National People's Congress approved the setting up of the economic zone in Shenzhen city. Shenzhen Special Economic Zone development history although only 30 years, has a 67 years of human activity history (middle Neolithic age have lived in Shenzhen land), more than 1700 years of county history, 600 years of Nan Tou City history, history of Dapeng town and 300 years of Hakka immigrant history for the reproduction of the indigenous residents.
Administrative division
Shenzhen is the Guangdong Province China municipality, vice provincial municipalities. Shenzhen 6 under the jurisdiction of the administrative district and four district: Futian District, Luohu District, Nanshan District, Yantian District, Baoan District, Longgang District, Guangming New District, Pingshan New District, Longhua District, Mirs district. Since July 1, 2010, the Shenzhen special economic zone extends to the city.
Population composition
Shenzhen since the Southern Song Dynasty have been immigrants settled, after the construction of the city's population is growing rapidly. As of the end of 2013, the resident population of 10628900 people, of which 3104700 people registered population.
Immigrant culture
As the window of reform and opening to the outside world and emerging immigrant city, coupled with a unique geographical and humanistic environment, creating a culture of Shenzhen open, inclusive, innovative, is the most suitable talents from home and abroad to venture to expand the vigor. In recent years, Shenzhen has been selected as China's most economically dynamic cities, the most popular migrant workers city". In the Chinese version of the "Forbes" magazine published in 2013, China's top 25 cities in innovation, Shenzhen, fourth place. Published in the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, "2014 Chinese city competitiveness blue book", the comprehensive competitiveness of Shenzhen ranked second.
Shenzhen is the main language of mandarin. Many public service organizations, professional and industrial and commercial industry professionals can provide services in English, most young people can speak English, cantonese. The city is conducting "Shenzhen citizens" and other forms of foreign language learning, and other forms of foreign language activities, to improve the foreign language of public services, improve the public's ability to use foreign language.
Shenzhen has a subtropical marine climate, warm and pleasant, rich precipitation. The annual average temperature of 22.4 degrees, frost free period of 355 days, the average annual rainfall of 1933.3 mm, 2120.5 hours of sunshine.
City tree, flower
Shenzhen city for litchi and mangrove trees. Shenzhen flower bougainvillea.
Urban development orientation
The Chinese government issued the "Pearl River Delta region reform and development plan for the construction of Shenzhen" as a "national comprehensive reform pilot area", "national economic center city", "national innovative city", "Chinese characteristic socialism model city" and "international city".